2013 Wisconsin Act 270 establishes a uniform commercial building code in Wisconsin, while allowing municipalities to grandfather fire detection, prevention, and suppression ordinances that relate to the construction, alteration, or addition to a public building or building that is a place of employment.
Grandfathered Ordinances for Caledonia
SEC. 5-2-2 ADOPTION OF STATE AND NATIONAL CODES.
(a) The following orders, rules, and regulations of the Department of Industry, Labor and Human Relations, all of which are set forth in the Wisconsin Administrative Code as from time to time amended, and the Codes and Standards and Recommended Guides as set forth by the National Fire Prevention Association as from time to time amended, and as they apply to the fire service, are incorporated herein by reference and adopted as part of this Fire Prevention Chapter:
(1) Wis. Adm. Code Ch, ILHR 7; Explosives and Blasting Agents.
(2) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 10; Flammable and Combustible Liquids.
(3) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 11; Liquefied Petroleum Gases.
(4) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 12; Liquefied Natural Gas.
(5) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 13; Compressed Natural Gas.
(6) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 14; Fire Prevention.
(7) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 15; Cleaning and Dyeing.
(8) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. IND 20; Dusts, Fumes, Vapors and Gases.
(9) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. IND 21; Spray Coating.
(10) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 30; Fire Department Health and Safety Standards.
(11) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. IND 32; Safety in Construction.
(12) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. IND 43; Anhydrous Ammonia Code.
(13) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 50; Administration and Enforcement.
(14) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 51; Definitions and Standards.
(15) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 52; General Requirements.
(16) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 53; Structural Requirements.
(17) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 54; Factories, Office and Mercantile Buildings.
(18) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 55; Theatres and Assembly Halls.
(19) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 56; Schools and Other Places of Instruction.
(20) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 57; Apartment Buildings, Hotels, and Places of Detention.
(21) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 58; Health Care, Detention, and Correctional Facilities.
(22) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 59; Hazardous Occupancies.
(23) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 60; Child Day Care Facilities.
(24) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 61; CBRF.
(25) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 62; Specialty Occupancies.
(26) Wis. Adm. Code Ch. ILHR 64; Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning.
(27) Wisconsin Electrical Code.
(28) NFPA Codes and Standards; Volumes 1 through 11, and NFPA 72 Standards for the Installation, Maintenance and Use of Protective Signaling Systems.
(b) Whenever the provisions of the aforementioned codes conflict, the stricter interpretation shall apply.
SEC. 5-2-3 APPLICATION TO NEW AND EXISTING CONDITIONS.
The provisions of this Chapter shall apply equally to new and existing conditions except that existing conditions not in strict compliance with the terms of this Chapter shall be permitted to continue where the exceptions do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or adjoining property.
SEC. 5-2-12 SMOKE ALARMS AND/OR HEAT DETECTORS REQUIRED IN DWELLING UNITS.
(a) Smoke Detector Devices Required. The owner of every premises on which is located one (1) or more dwelling units within the Town shall install a smoke detection device so located as to protect the sleeping areas of each dwelling unit. If sleeping areas are separated, the number of detection devices installed shall be that deemed sufficient by the Fire Inspector to protect each sleeping area.
(d) Installation and Design Standards.
(3) All smoke and heat detection devices shall bear the Underwriters' Laboratory seal of approval or Factory Mutual approval. All smoke detection devices shall meet the Underwriters Laboratory standard 217. At least one (1) smoke or heat detection device shall be installed for every dwelling unit located so as to protect sleeping areas.
SEC. 5-5-2 INSTALLATION REQUIRED. (AUTOMATIC FIRE SPRINKLERS)
(g) Nursing, Convalescent, Old Age and Other Like Institutional Buildings. Throughout all nursing, convalescent, old age and other like institutional buildings.
(j) Hazardous Properties. In buildings or structures, the occupancy or use of which involves a highly combustible, highly flammable or explosive material or that has characteristics that constitute a special fire hazard, including among others:
(1) Aluminum powder factories.
(2) Cellulose nitrate plastic factories.
(3) Cereal mills.
(5) Explosives and pyrotechnics and manufacturing.
(6) Flour and feed mills.
(7) Gasoline bulk plants.
(8) Grain elevators.
(9) Lacquer and paint factories and paint shops, linseed oil and varnish works.
(10) L.P.G. bulk plants.
(11) Mattress factories.
(12) Waste paper plants.
(13) Aircraft hangers.
(14) Chemical works.
(15) Linoleum and oil cloth, shade, cloth manufacturing.
(16) Oil refineries.
(17) Pytoxlin plastic manufacturing and processing.
(18) Other occupancies involving the processing, mixing, storage and dispensing of volatile liquids.
SEC. 5-5-3. INSTALLATION AND TESTING.
(a) Installation. Approved automatic fire sprinkler systems and equipment shall be installed in accordance with National Fire Protection Association guidelines, 13, 13D and 13R, Wis. Adm. Code, IND s.51.23, as well as any other guidelines that are in effect, which deal with the proper installation of such equipment.
(b) Reinstallation of equipment. The installation of used sprinkler heads is prohibited. The use of any other secondhand sprinkler system equipment shall be approved, in writing, by the Fire Chief prior to installation.
SEC. 5-5-4 APPLICABILITY OF CHAPTER.
(a) This Chapter shall apply to all new buildings and structures listed in Section 5-5-2 hereof, to existing buildings which the Fire Chief shall determine a severe life hazard exists to the occupants and users thereof with automatic sprinklers, subject to appeal to the Town Board of such determination.
(b) Nothing contained herein shall be construed as requiring the installation or automatic fire sprinklers in (1) safe deposit or other vaults; (2) places where the application of water may cause or increase combustion; or (3) in any other location where the installation of sprinklers may increase the hazard. Nor shall it be construed in any way to prohibit the substitution of other automatic protective equipment when approved by and under conditions acceptable to the Fire Chief and the Town Board.