2013 Wisconsin Act 270 establishes a uniform commercial building code in Wisconsin, while allowing municipalities to grandfather fire detection, prevention, and suppression ordinances that relate to the construction, alteration, or addition to a public building or building that is a place of employment.
Grandfathered Ordinances for Grafton
Chapter 7.02 GENERAL PROVISIONS
7.02.020 APPLICATION TO NEW AND EXISTING CONDITIONS
The provisions of this title shall apply equally to new and existing conditions, except that existing conditions not in strict compliance with the terms of this title shall be permitted to continue where the exceptions do not constitute a distinct hazard to life or adjoining property.
7.32.030 REQUIRED WHERE.
Every building hereinafter constructed or structurally altered in any amount exceeding fifty percent of market valuation of such building shall have an approved automatic sprinkler system installed and maintained when occupied in whole or in part for the following purposes:
H. Hospitals and other Institutional Buildings. Throughout every building.
J. Public Buildings. Throughout building if over two stories in height or if over ten thousand square feet in area regardless of stories.
7.32.040 APPLICATION TO EXISTING BUILDINGS.
Where the chief of the fire department finds that by reason of construction or highly combustible occupancy, existing buildings constitute a severe fire hazard to its occupants or to adjoining property, the provisions of this chapter will apply.
7.32.090 EXEMPTED AREAS - SUBSTITUTION OF EQUIPMENT.
Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed as to require the installation of sprinklers in safe deposit or other vaults, or in rooms or building devoted to the manufacture or storage of aluminum powder, calcium carbide phosphide, metallic and potassium, quicklime, magnesium powder, sodium peroxide or like materials where the application of water may cause or increase combustion, nor shall it be construed in any way to prohibit the substitution of other automatic protective equipment when approved by the fire department of the village.
Chapter 7.34 FIRE EXTINGUISHING EQUIPMENT
7.34.010 NUMBER, TYPE, AND LOCATION OF EXTINGUISHERS.
The chief of the fire department is empowered to designate the number, type and location of fire extinguishers as may be deemed necessary in addition to those now required by law in all existing buildings and structures and in all buildings and structures hereafter erected.
7.34.020 BUILDINGS WHERE FIRST AID STANDPIPES ARE NOT REQUIRED.
In buildings where first aid standpipes are not required, standard fire extinguishers shall be provided on each floor including the basement. Type, size, location and number of which shall be approved by the fire department.
7.34.030 ACCESSIBILITY - DISTRIBUTION.
Fire extinguishers shall be conspicuously located where they will always be readily accessible and so distributed as to be immediately available in the event of fire. They shall be hung on hangers or set in brackets according to NFPA No. 10.
Chapter 7.36 EQUIPMENT FOR FOOD SERVING ESTABLISHMENTS
7.36.010 INSTALLATION REQUIRED.
Every kitchen operated and maintained to serve the public, including restaurants, clubs, schools, churches, taverns, hospitals, nursing homes and all other places having equipment used for frying), cooking and similar preparation of food, operated and maintained for serving the public shall be subject to this title. Such establishments shall have approved automatic fire extinguishing equipment which is actuated by fire alone. Such automatic fire extinguishing equipment shall be installed in or over all duct systems, grease removal devices, cooking stoves and cooking appliance hoods by a factory authorized distributor in accordance with Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. and Factory Mutual listings and shall conform to the requirements of the fire department; provided, however, that such automatic fire protection extinguishing equipment on duct systems may be omitted where all cooking equipment is served by listed and approved grease extraction devices. All applications for installation of automatic fire extinguishing equipment shall be submitted for review and approval by the fire department prior to installation. Two sets of plans and specifications shall be submitted to the fire department for review. One set shall be retained by the fire department and the other returned to the installer and, if approved, shall be stamped "Approved by the Fire Department" with the date of such approval.
7.36.030 TYPE OF EQUIPMENT AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS.
A. All equi Laboratories, Inc., "Fire Protection Equipment List," for the extinguishment of fires in hoods, filters and ducts used for ventilation of restaurant cooking equipment, or a system individually designed ("engineered systems") to the applicable standards for the type of extinguishing equipment: NFPA No. 12, "Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems," NFPA No. 15, "Water Spray Systems for Fire Protection," or NFPA No. 17, "Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems."
C. Package units shall be installed in conformance with the limitations in the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc., "Fire Protection Equipment List" as established by tests for the various unit sizes and nozzle arrangements.
D. All areas in the ventilating system that are enclosed or partly enclosed shall be protected, including areas behind filters, ductwork, including in some cases fresh air intakes, and enclosed air intakes ahead of filters. The size of the hood to be protected shall be the size of the plenum or area at the filters and not necessarily the overall dimensions of the hood. A hood with a plenum over three feet high will require an engineered system.
E. Cooking surfaces that are open or partly open shall be protected, including range tops, fat fryers, open broilers, griddles, etc. Fully, enclosed devices, such as ovens, enclosed broilers, coffee urns, etc., do not require protection.
F. At least one nozzle shall be installed for each fat fryer, unless the listing states otherwise.
G. Cylinders containing the extinguishing agent shall not be mounted in a concealed space.
H. Ready access for inspection and servicing shall be provided.
I. Protection of ducts shall be within the limitations of a single system. Multiple systems cannot be used to protect ducts which exceed the limitations of a single system. Ducts which exceed the limitations of a "package system" must be protected by engineered systems (see NFPA Nos. 12, 13, 15, or 17) or the ducts replaced with ducts which are within "package systems" limitations. Where no hoods are installed and cooking protection is provided, detector links with heat deflectors shall be located in the same relative position as if a hood was provided. One link shall be provided for each cooking appliance.
Chapter 7.38 FIRE STOP AND FIREWALL REQUIREMENTS
7.38.010 INSTALLATION REQUIRED WHEN - EXCEPTIONS.
A. Fire stops with two-hour resistance rating shall be installed as follows:
2. Maximum distance between fire stops on any false mansard roof shall not exceed thirty feet.
B. The requirements of subsection (A) of this section shall not be required when the building and mansard are constructed of noncombustible materials.
Chapter 7.40 SMOKE AND HEAT VENTING
7.40.010 AUTOMATIC FIRE VENTING.
Approved automatic fire venting shall be installed, inspected and maintained as per NFPA Code No. 204 as follows: In buildings used for manufacture or sale of combustible goods or merchandise ten thousand square feet or more in area.
7.40.020 CURTAIN BOARDS.
Approved curtain boards shall be installed as follows: In buildings used for manufacture or sale of combustible goods or merchandise forty thousand square feet or more in area.
Chapter 16.04 BUILDING CODE
16.04.010 DOCUMENT ADOPTED.
The Wisconsin Uniform Building Code has been adopted by the village, and copies of this code are attached to Ordinance A-358-78, on file in the village clerk-treasurer's office.
16.04.015 AMENDMENTS ADOPTED.
A. Future amendments to the Wisconsin Uniform Building Code are adopted and shall become a part of this code.