2013 Wisconsin Act 270 establishes a uniform commercial building code in Wisconsin, while allowing municipalities to grandfather fire detection, prevention, and suppression ordinances that relate to the construction, alteration, or addition to a public building or building that is a place of employment.
Grandfathered Ordinances for Superior
Sec. 54-3. - Fire prevention code adopted; scope.
There is adopted by the city for the purpose of prescribing regulations governing conditions hazardous to life and property from fire or explosion, the 2001 Edition of the Wis. Admin. Code chapter COMM 14 Fire Prevention or the most current successor edition thereof and the whole thereof and any other codes therein adopted by reference and save and except such portions as deleted, modified or amended in this article, of which code not less than three copies have been and now are filed in the office of the city clerk, and the same are adopted and incorporated as fully as if set out at length herein, and from the date on which the ordinance from which this section was derived shall take effect, the provisions thereof shall be controlling within the limits of the city.
Sec. 54-32. - Approval.
A smoke detector required by this article shall be listed by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Required smoke detectors shall be installed according to the directions and specifications of the manufacturer of the smoke detector so as not to void the listing.
Sec. 54-33. - Required installation.
The installation requirements of this section within the City of Superior are more restrictive than the statutory requirements of the State of Wisconsin in accord with SPS 314.01(6)(b).
(2)Commercial residential building. The owner, landlord, manager or agent of any commercial residential building which is used for sleeping or lodging purposes and includes any apartment house, multi-family dwelling, motel, hotel, rooming house, dormitory, row house, condominium, children's home, community-based residential facility or building with similar sleeping areas shall install a smoke detector in each bedroom, in each sleeping area of each unit outside of the bedroom, in the basement and at the head of the stairway on each floor level of the building. Smoke detectors with battery power only are acceptable within commercial residential buildings or residential units constructed prior to January 1, 1982. Commercial residential buildings or residential units constructed on or after January 1, 1982, shall have smoke detectors powered by the building electrical system. Commercial residential buildings or residential units constructed on or after April 1, 1995, shall have smoke detectors powered by the building electrical system with additional battery backup. Commercial residential buildings or residential units constructed on or after July 1, 2002, shall have the smoke detectors interconnected within the unit.
(4) Smoke detector replacement. The owner, landlord, manager or agent of any duplex, multi-family dwelling, motel, hotel, rooming house, dormitory or non-owner occupied single-family residence where battery operated smoke detectors have been installed not meeting the requirements of this section, shall replace the detectors with detectors meeting the requirements of this section before January 1, 2008.
(6) Additional installations. A battery powered smoke detector with a non-replaceable, non-removable battery capable of powering the device for a minimum of ten years without replacement shall be accepted to meet additional smoke detector installation requirements due to the more stringent requirements of this ordinance where existing building wiring is not installed to serve the smoke detector within these additional required installation spaces.
(7) Commercial property with residence attached. Effective July 1, 2000, any commercial property having residential units above or adjacent thereto shall provide heat detectors or smoke detectors on the main floor and in the basement and in storage areas interconnected to sounding devices or horn/strobes on each floor above or adjacent to the commercial property with residential units. All installations and components thereof shall meet the requirements of the International Building Code (IBC) § 907.2.10 as adopted by the Wis. Admin. Code chapter SPS 361 or of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 72. All sounding devices or horn/strobes must meet the requirements of the National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) 72. The distance between any apartment egress door and a sounding device or horn/strobe shall not exceed 30 feet.
(8) New residential buildings, whether one- or two-family dwellings, mobile homes, or commercial residential buildings shall meet the minimum smoke detector installation standards of this article and the minimum standards of the adopted building code applicable to the structure at the time of construction.
(9) Altered or remodeled residential units or altered structures creating a new residential unit(s) shall meet the minimum smoke detector installation standards of this article and the minimum standards of the adopted building code applicable to the altered or remodeled portion of the structure at the time of alteration or remodel.
Sec. 54-34. - Smoke detector location.
Smoke detector and heat detector location requirements specified within this article are general in nature and are applicable to most situations. All installations are subject to the approval or disapproval of the building inspector, housing inspector or fire inspector due to unusual room layout, ceiling/wall configuration or other circumstance not included or adequately described in the following directives:
(1) Detectors shall be installed at locations within the residential buildings identified in section 54-33 of this article.
(2) Detectors shall be installed according to the installation instructions of the manufacturer.
(3) Corners shall be avoided when installing detectors on flat ceilings.
(4) The distance from the ceiling to the closest edge of the detector shall not exceed 12 inches for wall mounted installations within spaces with flat ceilings.
(5) The distance from the upper most portion of the ceiling to the closest edge of the detector shall not exceed 12 inches vertical for installations within spaces with tray-shaped ceilings.
(6) Detectors shall be located within 36 inches of the peak, measured horizontally for peaked or vaulted ceilings and not within four inches of the peak measured vertically.
(7) Detectors shall be located within 36 inches of the high side of a sloped or shed type ceiling measured horizontally and not within four inches of the highest portion of the sloped ceiling measured vertically.
(9)Unless tested and listed for recessed mounting, detectors shall not be recessed into the mounting surface.
(10) Where partitions extend to within 15 percent of the ceiling height, the spaces separated by the partitions shall be considered as separate rooms.
(11) A required detector located at the head of a stairway which is separated from the remaining common area space on that floor level by a door or similar obstruction shall not meet the location requirement for placement on that floor level but an additional smoke detector shall be installed within the space.
(12) Smoke detectors shall not be located where ambient conditions, including humidity and temperature, are outside the limits specified by the manufacturer's published instructions.
(13) Smoke detectors shall not be located within unfinished attics or garages or in other spaces where temperatures can fall below 40 degrees F or exceed 100 degrees F.
(14) Where the mounting surface could become considerably warmer or cooler than the room, such as a poorly insulated ceiling below an unfinished attic or an exterior wall, smoke detectors shall be mounted on an inside wall.
(15) Smoke detectors shall not be installed within a 36-inch horizontal path from the tip of the blade of a ceiling-suspended (paddle) fan.
(16) For stairways leading up from a basement, smoke detectors shall be located on the basement ceiling near the entry to the stairs.
Smoke detectors and heat detectors required by this article shall be so installed as to comply with the location requirements of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 72. If any portion of any above directive is in conflict with the location requirements of NFPA 72, the requirements of NFPA 72 shall be followed.
Sec. 54-83. - Fire department connection location.
The FDC shall be so located as to comply with the following requirements:
(1) The FDC shall be located on the side of the building facing the street of address.
(2) The FDC shall be located adjacent to the main entry to the building.
Exception: The FDC may be located at a location other than adjacent to the main entry of the building provided that the location meets with the approval of the fire department.
(3) The FDC shall be located within 150 feet walking distance of the closest fire hydrant.
(4) Access to the FDC from the public way shall be clear of obstructions including accumulations of snow.
(5) The FDC shall be located in such a way as to comply with the requirements of all current building codes.
Sec. 54-94. - Rated enclosure.
(a) All fuel-fired appliances installed in buildings covered by the scope of this subsection and which were constructed before July 1, 2002 shall be installed in a one hour rated enclosure.
Exception: Fuel-fired appliances designed with a sealed combustion chamber shall not be required to meet the requirements of subsection 54-94.
(b) All fuel-fired appliances installed in buildings covered by the scope of this subsection and which were constructed on or after July 1, 2002 being less than 400,000 BTUs need not meet the requirements of subsection 54-94(a) but must comply with the requirements of the 2000 edition of the International Building Code 302.1 or its successor code.